Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric Surgeon roughly deals with the treatment of surgical problems that occur in childhood in almost every system except neurosurgery, orthopedics and cardiovascular surgery. Apart from these, congenital (congenital) abnormalities, especially in the neonatal period, are among the areas of interest of Pediatric Surgery.

The main problems and fields of which surgical treatment is done by Pediatric Surgeon are as follows:

Abnormalities identified in the mother's womb:
Problems with the respiratory system, kidneys-urinary tract and bladder
Genital area abnormalities
Diaphragmatic hernia,
Abdominal wall abnormalities,
Some congenital tumors

Congenital abnormalities detected in the neonatal period (0-28 days)
Respiratory system and lung abnormalities,
Esophagus abnormalities,
Stomach and intestinal system abnormalities,
Liver and biliary tract abnormalities,
Kidneys, urinary tract and bladder abnormalities,
Abdominal wall formation abnormalities,
Congenital tumors.

Problems detected in infancy (2-24 months)
Congenital abnormalities (problems with the respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, kidneys-urinary tract and bladder, genital area abnormalities),
Intestinal bleeding
Invagination (intertwining-knotting of intestines),
Meckel's diverticulum,
Pylorus (stomach outlet) stenosis,
Bile duct obstructions.

Common problems at all ages
Inguinal hernia,
Hydrocele,
Undescended testicle
Umbilical hernias
Appendicitis,
Intestinal obstructions,
Foreign bodies in the respiratory or gastrointestinal system

Special issues
Childhood solid tumors,
Problems with the glands (endocrine) system,
Problems specific to girls (problems with the uterus and ovaries),
Abnormalities related to reproductive and excretory system (stenosis in the kidney outlet, uretero, pelvic stenosis, renal reflux, vesicoureteral reflux, stones, urinary orifice absent, hypospadias, epispadias, absent anterior bladder, extrophy vesica, gender abnormalities)
Problems with the esophagus (stomach reflux - gastro-esophageal reflux)
Abdominal and chest wall abnormalities (congenital absence of abdominal muscles, sunken chest wall inward-shoving-chest-or protruding outward-pigeon breast),
Hemangioma and lymphangiomas (problems with the vessels and lymphatic system)
Childhood trauma (burns, falls, accidents, blunt or penetrating trauma)


Problems that do not require surgical methods as the first option in their treatment
Constipation, anal fissure
Recurrent urinary tract infections,
Stool and urinary incontinence problems,
Recurrent abdominal pain,
Vomiting

Others
Circumcision,
Stomach and intestinal endoscopies.

 

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