Hematology, a sub-branch of internal diseases, is related to conditions such as anemia, bleeding, coagulation disorders, red blood cell (erythrocyte), white blood cell (leukocyte), thrombocyte (platelet) increase and decrease, lymphomas, leukemias, plasma cell diseases.
Among this group of diseases, there are causes of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (IDA), folic acid deficiency anemia, B12 deficiency anemia.
Hemolytic anemias are the result of excessive destruction of red blood cells and can be congenital or acquired.
They constitute a wide group from a small bruise on the skin to diseases that can cause bleeding involving our various organs. They may occur with symptoms such as nosebleeds, menstrual irregularities, and stomach bleeding.
This group of diseases, which can be seen at any age, can cause very important problems by involving many organs and tissues such as lymph nodes, spleen, liver and bone marrow. Depending on the subtype (pathology) and extent of the disease, treatment approaches can be very different.
It is a very important group of diseases, most of which are related to leukocytes (white blood cells), some of which are fast (acute) and some show a slow (chronic) course. Acute and chronic leukemias are treated with very different treatment options depending on the age of the patient, the type of cells, and the genetic characteristics of the disease.
PLASMA CELL DISEASES
It is a group of diseases that occur due to the increase in plasma cells at different rates and causing involvement (infiltration) in various organs. Diseases such as multiple myeloma (MM), Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM), which can be seen in middle and old ages, are in this group.
CHRONIC MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASES
It is a group of chronic diseases that frequently occur with an increase in spleen size (splenomegaly), in young cells of leukocytes and in platelets. Diseases such as primary polycythemia (polycythemia vera - PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PM) are examined in this group.
STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION AND OTHER TREATMENTS
Blood transfusions are carried out by intravenous administration of various cells such as red blood cells (erythrocytes), thrombocytes (platelets) obtained from blood using special devices.
Using the patient's own stem cells in stem cell transplantation is called autologous transplantation, and using the stem cells of a person other than the patient is called allogeneic transplantation. The stem cell source can be peripheral (peripheral) blood, bone marrow or cord blood.