Chest Diseases

Chest Diseases

The department of pulmonary diseases deals with all respiratory ailments. The scope of chest diseases is a very wide section based on many factors such as ear, nose and throat. Information on the infrastructure and equipment of the chest diseases department is given below.

Respiratory and Function laboratory: These types of tests are intended to measure the working performance of the lungs. These tests, which are used for support in chest diseases, are the greatest help in diagnosis. The most commonly used tests are; spirometry, lung volumes and lung diffusion capacity.
In the spirometry test, the amount of air entering the lungs is found by comparing the same group of people on the basis of certain characteristics.
Flow volume curves are created by obtaining as a result of spirometric tests. All currents are analyzed on the basis of velocity and volume. Although the usage areas of pulmonary function tests are wide, their place in the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases is quite good.
The six-minute walk test is an analysis that provides information about the findings and course of lung patients. Certain interpretations are made based on the oxygen data during the walk.
In arterial blood gas analysis, the analysis of oxygen and carbon dioxide acid-base balances in the body is performed.
In fiberoptic bronchoscopy procedures, examination of bronchial trees and evaluation of airways are performed on the patient with outpatient analysis and with less personnel without the need for anesthesia.
Sleep laboratory, bronchology laboratory are available. Many methods for the diagnosis and treatment of all kinds of diseases are applied in our hospital. After the diagnosis of the disease, as a result of the necessary tests and analyzes, surgical interventions and procedures are concluded in a short time with our expert staff.
 Surgical Procedures and Interventions
Thoracentesis is the investigation of microorganisms in the liquid by taking fluid from the chest cavity.
Computed thorax tomography, three-dimensional examinations are performed by imaging the chest from different positions. With tomographic angiography, imaging is performed by administering drugs to body vessels. It is among the methods used in many cardiovascular diseases.
Magnetic resonance angiography provides detailed information about vessels, and strong magnetic data are obtained from this method.
Thorax ultrasound guided fluid sampling and drainage
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in acute and chronic respiratory failure
CPAP, BIPAP treatments
Scintigraphic evaluations of the lungs
MRI applications for the lungs
Pleural biopsy
Pulmonary artery catheterization
Asthma, a lung disease, is swelling of the airway that progresses in the form of inflammation with narrowing of the airways. Asthma makes it difficult to breathe with narrowing of the airway. However, although it does not reveal its symptoms from time to time, it can cause sudden attacks such as shortness of breath, cough, and chest tightness due to environmental factors. Asthma is a common disease in the world and statistically, one out of every 7 children suffers from asthma. The globalizing world and air pollution have been increasing over the years. Asthma diagnosis is made by our specialist physicians with examination and breathing measurements in the chest diseases department. The process after the diagnosis of asthma is not to destroy the disease, but to keep it under control. With appropriate drug treatments, people with asthma can continue their lives without any restrictions.

Abbreviation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a chronic disease that causes the obstruction of the air sacs in the lungs, resulting in cough and shortness of breath. Today, it has become a global health problem. In COPD, the narrowing of the trachea is indicated as obstructive bronchitis, and the fragmentation of the air sacs as emphysema. The disease can be prevented if there is no respiration of all kinds of harmful chemical gases, especially cigarettes, that cause the disease. COPD is a treatable disease and the symptoms are relieved by the drugs used, and it normalizes your life. The most important test in the diagnosis of COPD is the spirometry (breath test) test. Other decisive tests are; arterial blood test, bio-chemistry and hematological tests, anti-trypsin serum level and tomography. After the diagnosis of the disease, the cause of the disease is investigated by our specialist doctors and the most effective treatment is applied. In the light of all this, your doctor can make various recommendations for your current health.

Inflammation that causes airway obstruction in the lungs. It is a species that causes concern with its recurrence probability and severe course. It is often seen in children younger than 2 years of age during the winter months. One of the reasons why it is seen in children is the small number of bronchi and narrow diameter. Since the cause of bronchiolitis is mostly a virus, influenza infections have a great effect on it. The virus has an incubation period of 10 days. Its symptoms are the same as those of the common cold; cough, runny nose, fever are symptoms. If the patient is a baby younger than two months, respiratory arrest may develop. In addition, conditions such as bruising and oxygen decrease in the body can also be seen. Absolutely no use of antibiotics (except in special cases), blood tests and lung tomography. Diagnosis and treatment is done by specialist chest diseases doctors.

This disease, known as pneumonia, occurs in the form of inflammation in the lung tissues. With low body resistance, the body cannot defend itself against the incoming virus. Pneumonia is usually; may react in the form of chills, chills, high fever, sputum, loss of appetite, weakness, joint pain and cough. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important for the recovery process. Diagnosis can be made by examination by doctors and by chest X-ray. As pneumonia is contagious, there are some risk groups; Those with chronic diseases (such as COPD, Cancer, AIDS, etc.) are in the highest risk group. In order to be protected, factors that affect the formation of pneumonia (such as alcohol, cigarettes, flu epidemic) should be avoided. There is a pneumococcal vaccine against pneumonia. This vaccine can be successful if it is provided in high-risk groups, but it may show various side effects in other groups.
Lung and Pleural Malignancies
The pleural pleura is the membrane that surrounds the lung and thoracic cavity. The formation of fluid here is called pleurisy. Diseases of the respiratory system such as tuberculosis, lung cancer, pneumonia, and lung apnea are among the most important causes. Symptoms; shortness of breath, chest pain, dry cough, fever, chills. Diagnosis is made by chest graph. Closed pleural biopsy is performed to reach a diagnosis by taking fluid from the pleural cavity (thoracentesis). It is very important to determine and apply the right treatment. E.g; When infection is caused, it is treated with antibiotics. Depending on the diseases and methods affecting the treatment process, it may be shortened or prolonged.

Interstitial Lung Diseases
There are about 180 diseases in this group. The thick formation around the air sacs (alveal) is determined as the cause of the disease. These diseases, the causes of which vary, most basically make it difficult to breathe properly. Other symptoms are loss of appetite, weight loss, rapid breathing, and growth retardation. Interstitial diseases cause damage to the lung structure. Oxygen respiration is compromised if some ruptures occur. The course of the disease differs in each person and occurs due to some reasons. These reasons; environmental, work and working conditions, radiation environment, some drugs, genetic and systematic disorders are also among the effective causes of this disease. The most basic similarity of the diseases in the group is that they occur with inflammation. Some interstitial lung diseases:
⦁ Sarcoidosis (a disease that affects young women and has symptoms such as cough and fever.)
⦁ Vasculitis (inflammation of capillaries)
⦁ Idiopathic lung fibrosis
⦁ Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (accumulation of substance in the air sac)
⦁ Goodpasture syndrome (lung and kidney inflammation - may cause bleeding)

 Pulmonary Thromboembolism
It is the blockage of the pulmonary artery, that is, its development with a blood clot. This clot is also called an embolism. This disease in the body; It can lead to permanent damage to the lung tissue, shortness of breath (respiratory failure) and death with clot formed. Being inactive for a long time (air travel - surgeries, etc.) can cause this. Among its symptoms; Other symptoms include anxiety, fear, cough, shortness of breath and chest pain, sweating, or rapid heartbeat. Your doctor will apply the appropriate diagnosis and treatment with examinations and tests.

Pulmonary Hypertension
It means high pressure on the right side of the heart. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is evaluated in this structure. It is one of the rare diseases with an incidence of 15-50 per million among chest diseases. With the excess pressure in the veins, narrowing is experienced, which disrupts the blood flow and causes the formation of blood pressure. The heart cannot do its job of pumping blood over time. Although there is no cure for this rare disease, there are 14 treatment methods and one treatment method accepted in children. It is considered both a heart and lung disease.

Shortness of breath
It is the situation where there is not enough carbon dioxide and oxygen release. It may develop due to diseases such as asthma, COPD and lung, or it may occur suddenly. There are two types, acute and chronic. Respiratory failure treatment is usually done in intensive care conditions. With current and technological new approaches, patients can regain their health. This disease concerns not only chest diseases but also neurology, cardiology and internal medicine. In its diagnosis; arterial blood gas, blood tests, chest x-ray and detailed tomography, breathing function test are used. Its main treatments are medicine, oxygen treatment, noninvasive ventilation and mechanical ventilation.