What Is Meniere’s Syndrome?
Otorhinolaryngology

What Is Meniere’s Syndrome?

    What Is Meniere’s Syndrome?

    Meniere’s disease is an inner ear disorder that causes symptoms such as hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, and balance problems.

    Meniere’s Disease is a rare inner ear disorder that causes dizziness, ringing in the ears, and other symptoms. The cause of the disease is unknown, but there are several theories on how it develops.

     

    What is Meniere's Disease?

    Meniere’ s disease (MD) is a very common inner ear disorder that affects approximately 1 million Americans each year. MD is characterized by episodes of severe vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. These episodes usually last less than 24 hours and occur at irregular intervals.

     

    What Are the Symptoms of Meniere's Disease? What Causes it?

    MD is caused by damage to the inner ear, specifically the vestibular system. This system helps us maintain our sense of balance and orientation. In MD, the vestibular system becomes damaged, causing dizziness, vertigo, and other symptoms. There are two main types of MD: episodic and progressive. Episodic MD occurs when there are sudden attacks of vertigo lasting between 30 minutes and 2 days. Progressive MD occurs when the symptoms gradually worsen over months or years.

     

    What Are the Treatments for Meniere's Disease? Which Ones Work Best?

    Treatment options for MD vary based on the type of MD a patient has. If a patient experiences episodic attacks, medications like betahistine (Betaseron) and diuretics (water pills) can help reduce the frequency of episodes. If a patient has progressive MD, treatment options include surgery, medication, and/or lifestyle changes. Surgery involves removing part of the inner ear to prevent further damage. Medications used to treat MD include betahistine, diuretics, and antidepressants. Lifestyle changes include avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and stress.

     

    What Can You Do To Prevent or Reduce the Effects of Meniere's Disease on Your Life?

    There are several things you can do to prevent or reduce the effects of MD on your life. First, avoid loud noises and other activities that might cause dizziness. Second, wear headphones when listening to music or watching movies. Third, keep your head upright while sitting or lying down. Fourth, drink plenty of water. Fifth, eat foods high in potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Sixth, exercise regularly. Seventh, take care of yourself emotionally by getting enough sleep, eating healthy food, and taking breaks during stressful times. Eighth, talk with your doctor about any concerns you have regarding MD.

     

    The Cause of Meniere's Disease

    Meniere’e’s disease (MD) is an inner ear disorder characterized by episodes of vertigo, ringing in the ears, and fluctuating hearing loss. These symptoms usually occur only at certain times of day, and often disappear after a few minutes. In some cases, however, these symptoms last longer than a few minutes and may recur throughout the day.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.