WHAT IS MS?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most important diseases causing the disabilities in young adults.
Diagnosis can be appeared between 20-25 ages and women are affected 2 or 3 times from this diseases than men.
Multiple sclerosis (MS), also known as disseminated sclerosis or encephalomyelitis disseminate, is an inflammatory disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged. This damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate, resulting in a wide range of signs and symptoms, including physical, mental, and sometimes psychiatric problems. MS takes several forms, with new symptoms either occurring in isolated attacks (relapsing forms) or building up over time (progressive forms).
The disease usually begins between the ages of 20 and 50 and is twice as common in women as in men. The name multiple sclerosis refers to scars (sclera—better known as plaques or lesions) in particular in the white matter of the brain and spinal cord.
Signs and symptoms
Numbness, pricking, pins and needles, tension, coldness, itching, tympanism and mycetes are the most common symptoms being seen at the beginning of MS. It is observed among early period attack.
How does get the diagnosis?
The diagnosis has been with story of patient, findings of neurologic examination, image of brain and spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid which is taken from waist.
How to treat the attacks?
Steroid (cortisone) that has been given with maximum dose from vascular access is the most common treatment against attacks.
Is there any protective treatment?
Yes, there is a protective treatment for MS. These treatments are beneficial to decrease the disabilities and the attacks. Used medicines during term are treatments such as interferon beta and glastiramer acetate. Recently, natalizumab and fingolimod have being used. Medicine treatment has being continued about MS.