What Is Nephrotic Syndrome? How To Treat It?
Urology

What Is Nephrotic Syndrome? How To Treat It?

    What Is Nephrotic Syndrome? How To Treat It?

    Nephrotic syndrome is a rare kidney disease characterized by proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, edema, hyperlipidemia, and hypercholesterolemia.

    Nephrotic syndrome is an uncommon condition that causes swelling in the kidneys and affects how well the body filters waste products. It usually occurs in children and young adults.

    This condition may cause complications such as hypertension, anemia, and thrombosis.

    Nephrotic syndrome can occur at any age, although it is more common in children and young adults than older people. In some cases, nephrotic syndrome can lead to death. However, with proper treatment, patients can live normal lives.

     

    What Causes Nephrotic Syndrome?

    Nephrotic syndrome occurs when there is an excess of proteins in the blood called albumin. Albumin is normally filtered out of the bloodstream by the kidneys. If the kidneys do not filter enough albumin, then too much albumin will remain in the blood. This extra albumin will collect in the tissues and cause swelling.

     

    What Are The Symptoms Of Nephrotic Syndrome? What Should I Do If I Have Them?

    There are two main types of nephrotic syndrome: minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). MCD is more common than FSGS. In both cases, patients usually present with symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, leg swelling, and decreased appetite. Patients also often complain of feeling cold. Other signs and symptoms include high cholesterol levels, low potassium levels, and increased urination.

     

    What Are The Treatment Options For Nephrotic Syndrome? Which One Is Best?

    If you have nephrotic syndrome, there are several treatment options available. These include medications, dialysis, and surgery. Dialysis involves removing excess fluid from the body through an artificial filter. Surgery removes part of the kidney or replaces it with a healthy one. Medications work by reducing inflammation and preventing further damage to the kidneys.

     

    What Are The Side Effects Of Each Type Of Treatment?

    There are different treatments available for nephrotic syndrome. However, each has its own set of side effects. In general, medications are safe and effective at treating nephrotic syndrome; however, they can cause serious side effects such as liver failure, bleeding, and allergic reactions. Dialysis is also very effective at treating nephrosis, but it requires regular visits to a clinic. Finally, surgery is not recommended for people who do not have severe symptoms.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

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    Approved by on 26.11.2022

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    About the Author

    Medical Editorial Board

    Medical Editorial Board

    Approved by on 26.11.2022