What Is Hashimoto’s Disease?
Endocrinologie Infantile

What Is Hashimoto’s Disease?

    What Is Hashimoto’s Disease?


    Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes thyroid dysfunction. It is also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or hypothyroidism.

    Hashimoto’s Disease is an autoimmune condition in which the body attacks its own tissues. The immune system mistakenly identifies the thyroid gland as foreign tissue and destroys it. This results in low levels of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism).


    What Causes Hashimoto's Disease?

    Hashimoto’e disease is caused by an autoimmune reaction against the thyroid gland. In some cases, the cause is unknown. However, there are several possible triggers for the development of Hashimoto’s. These include genetics, environmental toxins, infections, stress, and certain medications.


    Symptoms of Hashimoto's Disease

    Hashimoto’ s disease symptoms usually begin with fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, dry skin, and constipation. Other symptoms include difficulty concentrating, memory lapses, muscle aches, and joint pain. People who develop Hashimoto’s often feel tired even after sleeping for eight hours at night. They may also have trouble losing weight.


    Treatment Options

    If you suspect you have Hashimoto’s, your doctor will likely recommend testing to confirm the diagnosis. A blood test called a TSH level will help determine whether you have low levels of thyroid hormones. In addition, doctors may order other tests such as a CT scan or MRI to check for swelling in the brain or neck.


    Prevention Tips

    Hashimoto’ s disease is an autoimmune condition that affects the thyroid gland. This means that the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing inflammation and damage. Symptoms of Hashimoto’s include fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, dry skin, and constipation.


    Symptoms of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

    If you suspect that you have Hashimoto’s, see your doctor immediately. He or she will perform tests to determine whether you have the disease. Treatment options depend on how severe your symptoms are. You may need medication to control your symptoms.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.