Meningitis Vaccine Information for Parents
Neurology
5 August 2022
373

Meningitis Vaccine Information for Parents

    Meningitis Vaccine Information for Parents

     

    Meningococcal disease is an infection caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. It affects the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

     

    Meningococcal disease usually starts with flu-like symptoms, followed by headache, fever, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light. The illness progresses quickly, causing confusion, seizures, and death in severe cases.

     

    The most common symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, confusion, vomiting, and sensitivity to light.

    There are two forms of meningococcal disease: invasive and noninvasive. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) occurs when the bacteria enter the bloodstream through breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. This form of the disease is more serious than noninvasive meningococcal disease. Noninvasive meningococcus disease (NMD) is characterized by milder symptoms such as sore throat, ear pain, cough, and diarrhea.

     

    The most common symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, vomiting, confusion, seizures, or loss of consciousness.

    If you suspect that your child has IMD, call your doctor immediately. Treatment includes antibiotics and supportive care.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.