What Is Rubella?
Infectious Diseases

What Is Rubella?

    What Is Rubella? How It Spreads, Symptoms & More

    Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Learn about its symptoms, spread and more here!

    Rubella (also known as German measles) is a viral infection that causes fever, rash, joint pain, and swollen glands. It usually occurs in children between ages 1 and 4 years old. The illness lasts for several days, and most people recover without treatment.


    What Causes Rubella?

    Rubella is caused by a virus called rubella virus. This virus is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person’s respiratory droplets. People who are exposed to the virus are at risk of developing rubella.


    Who Can Be Infected?

    Anyone can be infected with rubella virus. However, pregnant women are at greater risk of complications from rubella infection than other people. Pregnant women should avoid being exposed to the virus because it can cause serious birth defects.


    When Does Rubella Occur?

    Rubella occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy. This means that a woman who becomes infected with rubella while she is pregnant will pass the virus to her baby before he or she is born.


    How Do You Prevent Rubella?

    If you think you might have been exposed to rubella, contact your doctor right away. He or she will tell you whether you need to take any precautions.


    Common Complications of Rubella

    Rubella usually causes mild flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, sore throat, runny nose, and red eyes. However, some people who contract rubella develop serious complications, including hearing loss, brain damage, and birth defects.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

    About the Author

    Medical Editorial Board

    Medical Editorial Board

    Approved by on 16.11.2022

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    Infectious Diseases

    Prof. M.D.

    Alaettin PAHSA

    Koru Sincan Hospital

    Infectious Diseases

    Specialist M.D.

    Ali ÖZÖN

    Koru Ankara Hospital