What Are The Symptoms Of Reflux?

What Are The Symptoms Of Reflux?

    What Are The Symptoms Of Reflux?

    Reflux disease is a condition where stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. Learn what causes it and how to treat it.

    Reflux disease occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) fails to close properly after meals. This allows food and liquid to flow back up into the esophageal tract. The most common symptom of reflux disease is heartburn. Other symptoms include chest pain, hoarseness, cough, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and weight loss.


    What Is Reflux Disease?

    Reflux disease is caused by an imbalance between the production of gastric juices and the ability of the LES to relax. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the medical term used to describe this problem. It is also called gastroesophageal refractory disorder (GORD).


    Causes of Reflux Disease

    There are several possible causes of GERD. These include lifestyle changes, such as smoking, obesity, stress, and diet. Other contributing factors include hiatal hernia, pregnancy, medications, and certain diseases.


    Treatment Options

    If you suffer from reflux disease, there are several treatment options available. One option is medication. Medications used to treat reflux disease include antacids, histamine H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and prokinetics. Antacids neutralize stomach acids by coating them with an alkaline substance. Histamine H2 receptor antagonists block the production of gastric juices and reduce the secretion of stomach acids. Proton pump inhibitors decrease the production of gastric juice and slow down the movement of food through the digestive tract. Prokinetic drugs stimulate the muscles of the gastrointestinal system.


    Prevention Tips

    There are also lifestyle changes that can help prevent reflux disease. These include avoiding foods that cause symptoms, such as caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, carbonated beverages, fried foods, fatty meats, and dairy products. Avoiding these foods will help keep your stomach acidic levels at normal levels. Also avoid lying down after eating, especially within two hours of bedtime. This will allow your body to empty its stomach before sleeping.

    The content of the page is for informational purposes only, please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.