Plastic surgery refers to any type of surgery performed to reconstruct or change the appearance of a body part or characteristic. Plastic surgery can be broadly classified as aesthetic (cosmetic) or reconstructive surgery, depending primarily on whether it is done to improve and repair function or alter physical appearance.
Aesthetic (Cosmetic) Surgery
Aesthetic surgery is a branch of plastic surgery, also known as cosmetic surgery. People who want to change and beautify any part of their body should apply to specialists in this field of aesthetic surgery.
Operations in this area are generally not performed due to a health problems. The general aim is to change the parts of the patient's body that they do not like. It is important for an organ to have a problem-free function as well as its aesthetic appearance. For example, if the patient has a breathing problem due to the shape of the nose, this should be improved during the operation.
Some of the most common cosmetic surgeries for face are:
Aesthetic nose surgery
Botox, BRP, Filler
Chin surgery (Chin Implants, Chin Augmentation, Chin Reduction)
Laser hair removal
Prominent Ear Correction
Skin problems (blemishes, spider veins, scar revisions, tattoo removal)
Skin Resurfacing (Dermabrasion)
Some of the most common cosmetic surgeries for body are:
Breast Augmentation, Breast Reduction, Breast Lifting
Laser hair removal
Nose Aesthetics (Rhinoplasty)
Nose aesthetics, also known as rhinoplasty, is one of the most common operations in aesthetic surgery. Although it is done very often, it is one of the most difficult operations. The nose is a part of the face that attracts a lot of attention. For this reason, even the slightest intervention changes the characteristic feature of the face. It is important that the nose does not have a problem not only in terms of aesthetics but also in terms of function. If the patient also has breathing problems due to the shape of his nose, he will get rid of this problem thanks to rhinoplasty. Our patients who come to our hospital get the nose of their dreams thanks to our rhinoplasty specialists.
One of the most frequently performed cosmetic operations is breast aesthetics. Many procedures such as breast enlargement, reduction, lifting, removal of asymmetry, and removal of excess fat tissue are performed. In our hospital, the date of the operation and the procedure to be performed are determined according to the examinations and tests to be performed before the operation. In breast augmentation surgery, breast volume is increased with silicone prostheses. These prostheses are divided into two which are drop (anatomical) prosthesis and round prosthesis.
Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty)
A tummy tuck (Abdominoplasty) is a surgical procedure used to improve the shape and appearance of the abdomen by removing excess skin and fat from the abdomen. Additionally, this procedure is performed to tighten loose muscles in the abdomen. It can easily improve your body image and self-confidence.
There are three basic steps for that surgical procedure:
1. Fat Removal. With the help of the tummy tuck (Abdominoplasty), fatty tissue is removed. The surgeon will create a horizontal, curved incision near the bikini line. It will be followed by pulling back all the skin. Then the surgeon will remove the excess fat from the abdomen.
2. Muscle Tightening. The muscles of the abdominal wall will be pulled together by the surgeon in this step. The middle section of the abdominal will be stitched and that will help to strengthen the muscles of the abdominal wall. During the healing process, muscles will fuse together.
3. Skin Removal. The last step is the removal of excess skin. A ton of extra skin will remain after removing fatty tissue and pulling the muscle in tight. This extra skin has nowhere to go because of that there should be an intervention about it. The skin will be countered and this will be followed by the removal of the excess skin. After that, the skin will be repositioned to the new shape of the abdomen. Lastly, stitches, tape or clips will be used to close the wounds.
One of the common procedures performed in the Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department is leg aesthetics. Aesthetic operations can be used for too-thick, thin or bowlegs. In leg aesthetics, the main goal is to have legs that are proportionate to your body, from hips to ankles. In the legs that cannot be thinned despite intense sports and exercise, a thin appearance is obtained by removing stubborn fats with the liposuction method. This procedure, which does not require major surgery, can be performed under local anaesthesia. Additionally, for too-thin legs, silicone or fat transfers can be used. This surgery is also performed under general anaesthesia and specialists should be consulted.
Reconstructive surgery is described as the use of surgical techniques to restore the areas of the body that have lost their shape and function. Reconstructive surgery is used in many areas, from microsurgery to repairing limbs and closing wounds. It is also applied in vital situations that require emergency intervention. Reconstructive surgery is required for many disorders such as facial deformities, cleft lip and palate, burns, absence of breast after cancer, tumours, ear disorders, developmental abnormalities, genital organ abnormalities, and congenital anomalies (birth defects).
Facial and head deformities can be congenital, or it is a problem that can be encountered after an accident. For surgical intervention, it is necessary to apply to the field of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. These deformities can cause problems in terms of aesthetics as well as prevent the development of organs such as the brain and face. Therefore, it is important not to delay the surgical intervention. Reconstructive surgery is applied when problems such as facial bone fractures occur as a result of an accident. Screws or plates are used to repair the nose, jaw or other facial bones. Correct repair of facial bones is very important.
Congenital Genital Anomalies
Structural development problems of genital organs may occur in both men and women. In women, this situation can lead to functional disorders and structural disorders. In cases such as the absence of a vagina due to various reasons, plastic surgery should be applied. Apart from this, congenital disorders such as the absence of a uterus, half uterus or double uterus can be seen. Additionally, it is common in men that the urethra is not in the right place and it also needs an intervention. To solve this structural health problem, it is necessary to consult the Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery department.
Breast Repairment (Reconstruction)
One of the most common types of cancer in women is breast cancer. Breast loss due to breast cancer is a common condition. Repairing the lost breast is one of the operations performed successfully in this department. Breast reconstruction is an important surgical procedure that provides positive psychological benefits to women. This surgery is performed in many different ways according to the patient. The most commonly used method is prosthesis placement by widening the skin. In some patients, breast repair is performed by placing tissues taken from other parts of the body instead of the prosthesis.
Reconstructive microsurgery is a set of procedures performed using microscopes and many other technological tools specialized for surgery on small structures in the body. These types of surgery are performed in millimetric areas and very thin sutures are used. Microsurgical procedures are used in a very wide area. Microsurgery has great importance in repairing functional and structural disorders such as repairing injured vessels and nerves. Replacement of severed fingers and limbs is also done in this area. With the development of technology in microsurgery, it has been made possible to replace a lost jawbone with bone fragments taken from another part of the body.
Non-Healing Wounds and Scars
Closing wounds that are very difficult to heal is one of the important operations performed by plastic surgery. Especially the prevention and care of wounds that cannot be prevented due to diabetes are done in this section. Wounds, which are very difficult to care for in advanced stages, can be closed and repaired surgically. Apart from non-healing wounds, scars are also an aesthetically important issue. Scars left on the skin after a surgical procedure or for any other reason can be removed with technological operations performed in the Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery department. Large or small burn marks are also included in this category. Thanks to our expert and experienced doctors in the field of plastic surgery and advanced technological tools, our patients receive appropriate treatment in a wide range of ways.